作者: Yao, YJ (Yao, Yijun); Xiao, YT (Xiao, Yuting) ; Luo, J (Luo, Jian); Wang, GF (Wang, Genfu); Strom, J (Strom, Jonathan); Suuberg, E (Suuberg, Eric)
题目：High-frequency fluctuations of indoor pressure: A potential driving force for vapor intrusion in urban areas
刊物：SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT， 卷: 710 文献号: 136309
出版年: MAR 25 2020
In this study, we examine the impact of a building's indoor pressure fluctuations in drawing subsurface volatile contaminants into the building, and how the presence of an impervious pavement surrounding the building influences this. Even in the absence of communication between the subsurface soil gas and ambient air fluctuations of building indoor pressure can cause upward advection of contaminated soil gas from the subfoundation zone into a building. For cases with the paved ground surface, the simulated volumetric soil gas entry rates are lower than steady-state cases with constant -5 indoor-outdoor pressure difference, by at least half an order of magnitude. When the indoor pressure fluctuation rate exceeds about 5 Path (which corresponds a sinusoidal fluctuation with a period of 2 h), the predicted indoor air concentration of paved scenarios will be higher than the conventional case. When both the building foundation and surrounding pavement block diffusional escape of the volatile soil gas contaminants to the atmosphere, high subfoundation soil gas contaminant concentrations can exist, and contaminant entry into the building through foundation breaches is enhanced beyond what would be expected from diffusion as the building undergoes normal pressure cycling. Upward advection into the building may be induced even when the indoor pressure appears, based on limited measurements, to be higher than that in the subslab, particularly when the indoor pressure in the building quickly fluctuates. This represents a limitation on VI mitigation approaches that rely on indoor pressurization, if those approaches cannot at the same time control significant fluctuation of indoor pressure. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.