作者：Zhou, Y (Zhou, Yang); Huang, M (Huang, Min) ; Wang, XL (Wang, Xiaolei) ; Gao, J (Gao, Juan) ; Fang, GD (Fang, Guodong); Zhou, DM (Zhou, Dongmei)
题目：Efficient transformation of diethyl phthalate using calcium peroxide activated by pyrite
刊物：CHEMOSPHERE,卷: 253 文献号: 126662
出版年: AUG 2020
In this study, pyrite (FeS2) was used as a novel activator of calcium peroxide (CaO2) for the degradation of diethyl phthalate (DEP) in both aqueous solution and soil. DEP (10 mg/L) in aqueous solution was completely degraded within 5.0 min by the FeS2 (0.30 g/L)/CaO2 (1.0 mM) system at pH 3.5. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), free radical quenching, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to elucidate the mechanism of the catalytic decomposition of CaO2, radical formation and DEP degradation in the presence of by pyrite. The results show that hydroxyl radicals (center dot OH) are the dominant active species responsible for DEP degradation. Surface or lattice Fe(II) of FeS2 readily activates H2O2 generated by CaO2 decomposition to produce center dot OH, while the reducing sulfur species of FeS2 promotes the regeneration of surface of Fe(II) that catalyzes the production of additional center dot OH, leading to the efficiently oxidative degradation of DEP. Although high concentration of common anions, such as Cl-, NO3-, SO42- , and HCO3-, exert inhibitory effects on DEP degradation by pyrite/CaO2, the reaction system can still efficiently degrade DEP in realistic soil. It was observed that 78% of DEP (25 mg kg(-1)) was degraded by 2.5% CaO2 (w/w) and 0.5% FeS2 (w/w) within 24 h. These results provide new insight into the mechanistic processes of CaO2 activation and center dot OH formation by the novel FeS2 catalyst, demonstrating a promising alternative to the traditional H2O2-base Fenton process for contaminated soil remediation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.